EGC(05) Mark H. Buzby
6 minutes, it’s the time Korean fathers
spend with their children for a day. Although the period of paternity leave guaranteed
by the Korean law is 52.6 weeks, the longest among the OECD countries, it is
rarely enforced (OECD, 2015). Additionally, many Koreans are still in the conventional
idea that child rearing is only for mothers. Such institutional and customary
problems bring about a result in ‘six-minutes fathers’. Fortunately, as more
and more scenes that fathers do child rearing are exposed by mass media, fathers’
child rearing is emerging as the trend with recognition improvement. It should be
here to stay as essential obligation, not a passing fad. Because fathers’
active participation in child rearing has immense positive effects on children’s
growth, happiness and health within the family, and own abilities at work.
One important effect of fathers’ child rearing is a greater growth of children’s behavior, emotion, and intelligence. It doesn’t mean that mothers are not important, just to say fathers’ childcare can be more effective for children in the period of growth need various stimuli. For example, fathers’ physical activities can be the best stimulant to their children. According to the study done by Richard Fletcher, physical play with fathers has positive effects on their children. Children can achieve socioemotional and cognitive development, and moreover, they can learn better ways of responding to unexpected situations during the play because it is rough and tumble contrary to mothers’ play (Richard Fletcher, 2012). The strong bond between a father and his child, which is formed by father’s childcare, will be the key to his lovely child’s growth. Another effect of father’s child rearing is domestic happiness and health, especially of a wife. In Korea, great part of child rearing is still only done by mothers. This aspect of child rearing causes many problems, such as mother’s massive stress and career break. Mothers are easy to suffer from postpartum depression because of the child rearing stress. Chungeun Han, who is a manager of Korean Child Development Center, said “Postpartum depression is not a mother’s problem, it’s a family problem because it can hurt a child” (Chungeun Han, 2012). In addition, as it becomes hard to keep compatibility between work and childcare, mothers give up their career even though work increases their self-efficacy and quality of life. Therefore, a father’s active participation in child rearing is necessary to a wife since it can reduce his wife’s stress and motivate her to keep doing own works. Ultimately, it’ll make contributions to make a healthy and happy family. Finally, fathers’ child rearing has good influences not only on the child and wife, but also on themselves. According to a study done by the Wall Street Journal, fathers can get greater satisfaction of their own job and less work-life conflict when they spend more time in child rearing, which targeted 970 fathers worked in Fortune 500 companies. Besides, the more they spare time to their children, the more likely they have greater work productivity, retention and think it can help them be a better member of family (Rachel Feintzeig, 2015). These results suggest why fathers should spend more time in child rearing. As we have seen, a father’s child rearing has great potential as a husband, a man, and a father. Even though Korean fathers’ child rearing seems difficult because of bad systems and prejudices, they need to make constant efforts and recognize that they are equally responsible with their wives for the child rearing, not just wives’ helper. If fathers spend more quality time with their children, they will experience ‘father effects’ within the family.Works Cited Chungeun Han, “Save Mothers from Postpartum Depression.” Oct. 2012. Web. 28 Dec. 2017. < http://enfant.designhouse.co.kr/magazine/type2view.php?num=61190>. OECD. Home Page. PF2.1 Key characteristics of parental leave systems. 2017. OECD Family Database. Web. 27 Dec 2017.