Occupational factories in 1949. The list of workshops

Occupational  Health and Safety: (1)

Is a science that is concerned with
maintaining the safety and health of the human being by providing safe working
environments free from the causes of accidents, injuries or occupational
diseases, or in other words is a set of procedures and rules and systems in a
legislative framework aimed at protecting the person from the risk of injury
and preservation of property Of the risk of damage and loss, which is a very
important science aimed at protecting workers in factories and workplaces from
potential accidents that may cause injury to the worker or death and also any
damage or damage to the property in the establishment.

Occupational  Health and Safety  legislation :

The
first Occupational  Health and Safety legislation was issued in 1946 and then the list of factories
in 1949. The list of workshops and factories was issued in 1950. Thus, the law
was amended with the development of industry. The law of wages committees and
conditions of service was promulgated in 1976, The Occupational Health Regulations
of 1981 and the Compensation for Work Injuries Law 1981 were added to the Labor
Law of 1997.

They are sources of
legislation:

·        
National laws and legislation .

·        
International and regional conventions and recommendations.

 

Occupational
Health and Safety in Employment Act 1997 : (2)

•        
This law Abolished the previous laws, namely: the Manpower
Act of 1974 and the Industrial   Relations Act of 1976 and the law of
industrial safety for the year 1976, the Labour Relations    Act individual for the year in 1981.  

despite the cancellation, all regulations and
orders and rules issued under the laws mentioned remain in effect.

 

 

•        
The Labor Law included regulations and supplementary
instructions as follows:

•        
In the work environment in factories:

A.    For
hygiene :-

ü  Does not
allow the accumulation of waste in the work rooms and stairs and corridors.

ü   Rooms to be designed not to allow infiltration
of water and liquids, and are constantly cleaned.

 

B.     For
crowding:- 

ü  Do not
allow overcrowding in any room to work.

ü  For
Employees occupying a vacuum which  the
rest of the vacuum must be less than four hundred cubic feet for each person,
and height not  more than fourteen feet.

ü  sign
written with the number of people allowed to work inside the workroom

 

C.    For
lighting:-

         
Must be appropriate with sufficient capacity

D.     For noise and vibrations:

Should be reduced in the workplace so that they are in the
permissible limits .

E.      For the temperature and ventilation:

That the temperature is
appropriate to the nature of work in each room. Take actions necessary to avoid
having bad air, or any decrease in the fresh air or slow renewal.

F.      Drinking water:-

         Provision
of safe and sufficient  drinking water to
employees

G.    Where to
eat:-

Factories must be allocated places to eat and be equipped
with tables, chairs, pots            clean
and good with all means of comfort, and be far from the operations area.
There shall be no meals, beverages and smoking in rooms and stores of raw
materials harmful to the health worker

 

 

H.    Medical
Examination:-

Each manufacturer should provide means of medical examination
for workers.
Each unit in the work place  must be
equipped with first aid kit.

I.      
Laundry and bathroom toilets and changing: –

Establishment of washbasins, baths, toilets and rooms for
employees to change clothes.

J.     
Organization of working time :

Normal working hours are forty eight hours per week, or eight
hours a day including half an hour for rest ( PAID ).

Reduction of daily working hours by one hour per day for the
workers during the fasting month of Ramadan.

Vision : (1)

·        
Strengthen state leadership in occupational safety and health   .

The Mission :

The development of human resources knowledge
and provide innovative research and professional knowledge services in the
field of occupational safety and health to develop skills and contribute to the
stability and promotion of the work environment and environment .

Strategic Objective  :

Developing and developing labor relations
according to international standards.

Objectives  :

1.      To
contribute actively to economic and social development through the provision of
services that contribute to the promotion and stability of the working
environment.

2.       Protect the main production components from
the risks and events of work.

 

Occupational safety and health tasks :

·        
Investigation of work injuries .

·        
Inspection of industrial establishments (periodic, guidance,
implementation of laws and regulations).

·        
Check the engineering drawings of the buildings of the
industrial establishments and workshops and certify them after ensuring the
availability of industrial safety elements.

·        
Conducting an investigation into industrial accidents and
determining the liability of employers and removing their causes.

·        
To ensure that the human element is protected from the
hazards of the industrial professions by carrying out preventive inspection.

·        
Issuing registration certificates for various industrial
establishments .

·        
Supervising the inspection of gazelles and pressure vessels
by specialized engineers.

·        
 To promote the level
of occupational safety and health and to disseminate its culture as widely as
possible within the community.

 

Definition of work injury :

 

Is the injury caused to the worker during
official working hours or the cause of work or injury to a professional
disease.

This list of occupational diseases the following
: (2)

1.     
Poisoning and its complications.

2.     
Mercury poisoning and its complications.

3.     
Arsenic poisoning and its complications.

4.     
Phosphorus poisoning and its complications.

5.     
Poisoning, gasoline or similar products or compounds.

6.     
Manganese poisoning and its complications.

7.     
Sulphur poisoning and its complications.

8.     
Chrome ulcers and its complications.

9.     
Affected by nicke and its complications.

10.  Poisoning
by petroleum or its derivatives or its gases and its complications.

11.  Disease
and pathological symptoms that arise from radium, radioactive substances or
X-rays.

12.  The
first skin cancer and inflammation and ulceration of the skin and eye chronic.

13.  Pulmonary
dust diseases that arise from :

ü  Asbestos
dust.

ü  Silica
dust.

ü  Cotton
dust.

ü  Dust
sugar cane.

14.  Anthracis
.

Safety Steps: (1)

·        
The need to use personal protective equipment and safety
during work and not underestimate its importance .

·        
The need to provide a first aid box in the workplace to deal
with injuries quickly .

·        
Keeping chemical and flammable materials away from workers’
gathering places as a real threat to factories, facilities and workers.

·        
To activate the concept of occupational safety within the
factories and facilities by creating a supervisor for occupational safety to
follow the safety requirements that will limit many accidents.

·        
Focusing on increasing the readiness of workers in factories
and establishments by carrying out exercises that will provide them with
sufficient expertise in how to evacuate and deal with accidents as they occur.

·        
To maintain the coordination between the owners of the
factories or those responsible for them with the Civil Defense Authority for
occupational safety and health and the concerned authorities in this regard by
holding courses for the supervisors of the work and the workers that aim to
provide a safe working environment for all.

·        
Work on issuing brochures, posters and posters periodically
and keep abreast of the developments in the work environment in the field of
public safety, as these publications are necessary and important to educate
employees to raise awareness and thus reduce the incidence of work.

 

General goals that occupational
safety and health seek to achieve :

 

·        
Protect the human element from injuries caused by the hazards
of the work environment by preventing their exposure to accidents, injuries and
occupational diseases .

·        
Maintaining the components of the physical component of the
installations and the equipment and equipment they contain from damage and loss
as a result of accidents.

·        
Providing and implementing all occupational safety and health
requirements that ensure the provision of a security environment that ensures
the prevention of risks to the human and material elements.

·        
Occupational Safety and Health aims to establish safety and
security in the hearts of employees while doing their work and to reduce the
anxiety and panic attacks they face as they live by the necessities of life
with the tools and materials and materials that lie between them in danger of
life and under unsafe conditions. Their lives between time and time for serious
notification and so be safety.

 

In order to achieve the above objectives must
be available the following

 elements
:

·        
Proper and purposeful technical planning for the foundations
of prevention in establishments.

·        
Legislation stemming from the need to implement this
technical planning.

The implementation is based on sound operational principles
at the time of construction, with the provision of specialized technical
equipment to ensure the continuous