The misunderstandings and negative consequences to those who

The subjects enclosed in the World Intellectual Property Organization are ‘Defining and
Measuring Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property’ and ‘Protecting Indigenous
People’s Intellectual Property in Documenting Traditional Medical Knowledge’. WIPO is one of
the oldest bureaus in the United Nations, it started in a convention in Paris, it is held accountable
for securing and preserving genuine innovations such as arts, literary pieces, and medicinal
drugs, it also prevents and avoids sham ones. New Zealand has been an associate of WIPO for
over 33 years and it has taken actions to sustain and protect intellectual property rights.
I. Defining and Measuring Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual
Property.
Intellectual property is often known as an invention or creation that is lawfully protected by
patents, trademarks or copyrights. Intellectual property has existed long ago, although, there
was limited knowledge about it. Over the years, with the development of technology and
globalization, the ideology of intellectual property started spreading worldwide, especially in
first world countries, whereas the third world countries and some developing countries have
either limited knowledge or no access to IP at all.
New Zealand, being considered as a first world country, holds responsibility for providing its
people with sufficient knowledge about intellectual property. That is why in 2010, New
Zealand was the first country in the world to include IP teaching in its national curriculum.
As stated by New Zealand’s Intellectual Property Office, 20 years after signing the Waitangi
treaty, the patent system was created, and with it came along the support of creativity and
innovations. New Zealand’s long history with intellectual property made it gain the 21st rank
in the amount of patents signed according to WIPO statistics that was released in 2014. New
Zealand has taken advantage of the developing world to improve its IP offices and IP
websites that provide official certification for a patent, trademark or design, as well as tips
and guidelines about intellectual property for all people, not just New Zealanders.
New Zealand’s national library looks forward to achieve providing “knowledge resources”
about the country through libraries, institutions and on websites to all New Zealanders by the
year 2030. This will make knowledge more accessible to New Zealanders; thus, the
knowledge of intellectual property will increase and become more approachable.
The lack of knowledge in intellectual property could lead to numerous misunderstandings
and negative consequences to those who are naïve about it, such as criminal penalties in
some countries for “trademark infringement”. With the trade world expanding day by day, it
is important to educate people about the importance of intellectual property. It is an issue that
has to be recognized.
Delegation fromRepresented by
New Zealand American University of Sharjah
II. Protecting Indigenous People’s Intellectual Property in Documenting
Traditional Medical Knowledge.
Traditional medicine also known as ancient medicine, it involves the use of traditional
techniques or herbal supplements as a way of healing; it was used by the primitives in
different communities in various ways before the development of modern medicine. Since it
is ancient, the practice of using traditional medicine as a common cure started to get rare, this
risks the future of traditional medicine that has shown it is one good and simple way to get
cured, it may not only cause the use of traditional medicine to extinct, but the knowledge
about it too. Although, traditional medicine could be found in the basis of modern drugs, yet
it is not credited or acknowledged for being used.
New Zealand is known for having different ethnicities, and one of these ethnicities is M?ori
— the indigenous or native people of New Zealand –. New Zealand has always and still is
protecting the M?ori culture and knowledge. It has previously recognized the issue with
protecting its indigenous’ people’s property, and it seems to be a bit complex, yet there are
laws and patents that were changed and added regarding the M?ori intellectual property. In
2002 a M?ori Advisory Committee was founded its mission was to check if a trademark is
considered offensive to M?ori or not.
In the present years, M?ori intellectual properties became more important and cared for. In
2013, another M?ori advisory committee was created for patents, it was made to protect
indigenous knowledge and to review previous patents that may have roots from M?ori
culture without referring to the M?oris. Again, New Zealand’s national library looks forward
to inspire the creation and use of M?ori knowledge in hopes of saving the “M?ori” language.
Since preserving rights to a specific traditional medicine is not very complicated, New
Zealand has taken actions to ensure the rights of M?oris with their innovations. One of the
M?ori cultural elements that are protected by intellectual property is “Indigenous plants or
birds”; most of M?ori traditional medicines contain their unique herbals which are now
protected by New Zealand’s intellectual property.
The lack of references to M?ori traditional knowledge may lead to its extinction; increasing
awareness about the importance of M?ori intellectual property and the consequences of its
extinction is advised. It is a controversy that has to be endorsed.