There is no border dispute between Oromia and

There is no
border dispute between Oromia and Somali Regions. May be that is an auxiliary
factor. There is no Oromo-Somali conflict. Many agents want that. The two
peoples had nothing to fight over, instead both poor peoples in eastern
Ethiopia had lost many things together. Both peoples living in desert and
semi-desert geographies of Ethiopia’s eastern part are pastoralists and
semi-pastoralists largely live on food aids. The so-called Somali Liyu Police
(created by government) have been attacking both peoples.

The conflict has
been about power struggle within the EPRDF. On top of that, the war is
intensified because it has gained wider objective, i.e., weakening Oromo and
Oromia. Since recently, Oromo nationalism is framed as a threat to ruling
elites in Addis Ababa and their hard won power. Ruling elites may consider (not
now) another measure which is so dangerous to the federation (The mission is to
contain Oromo nationalism from 4-kilo). Network of power struggle. The first
step therefore is to overthrew Lamma’s government (who is able to gain enough
supports from youths, nationalists) and replace them by puppet personalities.
It is thus a continuation of power struggle in Ethiopian politics. In the last
26 years, OPDO could not have meaningful influence in the EPRDF power structure
let alone having access to 4-kilo on a ridiculous claim that OPDO could not
bring up capable leaders of its own.

That
justification is funny. OPDO had capable leaders; the problem is that power
holders in the EPRDF were able to label those capable OPDOs as OLFites and able
to expel them from Ethiopia. What happened to ex-presidents of Oromia such as
Ali Abdo, JunadinSado and other key figures of OPDO were living evidences. In
general OPDO was deliberately made leaderless. Now, OPDO is able to bringing up
capable leaders and rejected all forms of fake political labeling.
Unsurprisingly, the same hegemony is speaking the same very old language
through Jijjiga/ through Abdille. Do you remember this war on Lamma and his
team was opened first on the #Jijjigaherald, then #Aigaforum (EPRDF website),
then #TigraiOnline, etc. That war is resumed now transforming itself from
online to on air and field works (invasion, violence, displacing). Warmongering
national mornings, state funerals using fake pictures. Oromia Government should
not be provoked by such irresponsible acts and behaviors from Jijjiga. That
behaviors of Abdille and his government is sponsored from within the EPRDF.
Very classic power struggle. No one can deny that. They better stop that
gambling played over Oromo, Somali, Oromia and Somali Regions. The fire they
are pushing will burn all. Stop! Stop! Stop it!

 

Only in the
2016/17, more than 600,000 Oromos were evicted due to Liyu Police invasions and
forced mass population displacement (official reports).

Only with in
three days, 60,000 to 100,000 Oromos expelled from Somali Regional State (official reports). Now,
they are camped in schools and football fields in Harar, Chinaksan, Miesso, and
other districts. Still the remaining Oromos are being forced to leave Somali
Region. These Oromos are citizens. They need food, shelter, clothing. Most of
them are merchants and left their business back in Somali Region (expropriated
by Liyu Police). All are residents of the region and have families up to 13
children. They left their homes they build to Liyu Police killing machines.
Among families, there are school children, elders. Some are pastoralists. They
even did not know why they were loaded on trucks and dumped in Oromia. That is
happening in front of and also backed by Ethiopian Defense Force, eastern
command.  My Respondents

According to
Art. 32(1) and 41(1) of FDRE constitution let alone an Ethiopian a foreign
national lawfully in Ethiopia has, the right to liberty of movement and free to
choose his residence, to engage freely in economic activity and to pursue a
livelihood of his choice anywhere within the national territory. The Oromos are
displaced, or deported from Somali regional state in contravention of these
constitutional provisions

The regional
government is doing this only against Oromos contrary to Art 25 of the same
constitution which prohibits discrimination on grounds ofrace, nation,
nationality, or other social origin, color, sex, language, religion, political
or other opinion, property, birth or other status.

Many Oromos were
killed and others were injured by liyu police in violation of Article 14 which
states

Every
person has the inviolable and inalienable right to life the security of person
and liberty; and Article 15 of the FDRE Constitution which states every person
has the right to life. No person may be deprived of his life except as a
punishment for a serious criminal offense determined by law and also Article 16
which states Every one has the right to protection against bodily harm.

The actions the
Somali regional state has taken are grave crimes which jeopardize fundamental
freedoms and liberties that the Oromos have under the constitution.

 

According
to the Oromia regional government spokesman and the federal government
communication minister certain unknown armed forces are invading the Oromia
regional government. Article 62(9) FDRE constitution provides that the house of
federation order federal government intervention when one of the state
endangered constitutional order. And the proclamation 359/2002, the
proclamation which provides systems of intervention of federal government in
the region, defined endangering the constitutional order as follows,

 

An
activity or act carried out by the participation or consent of a Regional
Government in violation of the Constitution or the constitutional order and in
particular:

(a)
armed uprising;

(b)
resolving conflicts between another Region or Nation, Nationality or People of
another Region by resorting to non-peaceful means;” Given the admission of
the federal government and regional government existence of the Oromia invasion
by unknown armed forces, why Oromia regional government failed to make formal
complaints to house of federation and notify the public?

The
Oromia regional state also said that Oromia regional government confirmed that
the participation of the Somali republic army in the
invasion of Oromia. Article 87 FDRE constitution provides that the national
defense force shall protect the sovereignty of the country. The participation
of the Somali republic army in the invasion of Oromia concretely proves that
the sovereignty of the country is violated.

My question here is why the Oromia
regional government ask the commander in chief of the national defense force
according to the constitution why they let this to happen?

I interviewed
local residents in several towns and villages, including Chinakson, Mieso,
Deder and Gursum in east and west Hararghe; Moyale, Liben and GumiiEdelo in
Guji Zone in southern Ethiopia; as well as in Sewena, MedaWolabu and Dawe Serer
woredas (district zones) in Bale, south east Ethiopia, on several occasions
since July 2017.  Almost all the people
interviewed say armed men who are members of the “Liyu police” force were often
the culprits of cross border raids that ends in the death of civilians.